Personal tools
You are here: Home Research Trends & Opportunities New Materials Technology and Applications Emerging Semiconductor, Microelectronics, and Optoelectronics Technology

Emerging Semiconductor, Microelectronics, and Optoelectronics Technology

AT&T Bell Laboratories Logo
(Bell Laboratories logo, used from 1984 until 1995)


- The Digital Evolution: The Third Industrial Revolution

The Digital Revolution (also known as the Third Industrial Revolution) is the shift from mechanical and analogue electronic technology to digital electronics which began in the latter half of the 20th century, with the adoption and proliferation of digital computers and digital record-keeping, that continues to the present day. Implicitly, the term also refers to the sweeping changes brought about by digital computing and communication technology during this period. Analogous to the Agricultural Revolution and Industrial Revolution, the Digital Revolution marked the beginning of the Information Age. 

Central to this revolution is the mass production and widespread use of digital logic, MOSFETs (MOS transistors), and integrated circuit (IC) chips, and their derived technologies, including computers, microprocessors, digital cellular phones, and the Internet. These technological innovations have transformed traditional production and business techniques.  

In the 1970s, Texas Instruments and AT&T Bell Labs pushed electronics into the silicon age. In the Beginning: Gordon Teal directed the development of the silicon transistor at Texas Instruments. William Shockley led the team at AT&T Bell Telephone Laboratories that developed the very first transistor, which was made of germanium. TI’s silicon device with its three long leads became famous, making the Texas upstart the sole supplier of silicon transistors for several years in the 1950s. Morris Tanenbaum at Bell Labs actually made the first silicon transistor, but he felt “it didn’t look attractive” from a manufacturing point of view. 

The Digital Revolution refers to the advancement of technology from analog electronic and mechanical devices to the digital technology available today. The era started to during the 1980s and is ongoing. The Digital Revolution also marks the beginning of the Information Era. The Digital Revolution is sometimes also called the Third Industrial Revolution. 

[London, UK - divyankhoda]

- New Smart Metal Could Replace Silicon 

In the 1970s, “silicon” ignited a tech-revolution, and changed the world. But after decades of pushing the envelope, silicon has reached the outer-limits of its capabilities. In short, silicon can no longer support the incredible technologies that are becoming essential to modern society. The end of silicon is upon us.
A revolutionary new metal, GA-31 (Gallium-31), has emerged… MIT calls it the “new silicon”… The U.S. Government calls GA-31 a “smart metal… Because of its one-of-a-kind molecular structure, GA-31 is able to perform feats of scientific wizardry that put silicon to shame. As a result, every major company on the planet - from Google, to Apple, to Intel, to Facebook and beyond - are stampeding out of silicon…and into GA-31. 
And there are several reasons why:

  • First, because of GA-31’s unique molecular structure, it has an astounding ability to conduct electrons. In short, they fly around at up to 1,300 miles per second. As a result, this metal offers astounding speed and power, far beyond the abilities of silicon. In fact, this GA-31 is up to 100 times faster than silicon… Not only does this allow Smart Phones and Laptops to perform with dizzying speed and prowess…But it also allows for modern-day technologies that silicon simply can’t support… We are talking about Lasers, 3D-Sensors, Virtual Reality, Facial Recognition, Self-driving Cars, Smart Homes, and more. 
  • As you may know, silicon degrades at high temperatures. That’s a big problem because today’s smartphones contain billions of transistors all operating simultaneously. That generates tremendous heat. Silicon can’t handle it. But when you “dope” GA-31 with a second ingredient, it can withstand extreme heat, up to 4,532 degrees Fahrenheit! This makes it ideal for cutting-edge applications, including weather satellites, solar panels, radars, and military defense systems. Add it all up, and GA-31 is essential to modern society.
Again, every major company on the planet – including Intel, Apple, and Google—are transitioning out of silicon and into GA-31!

- Semiconductors: the Next Wave of AI and Automation

Semiconductors are essential technology enablers that power many of the cutting-edge digital devices we use today. The global semiconductor industry is set to continue its robust growth well into the next decade due to emerging technologies such as autonomous driving, artificial intelligence (AI), 5G and Internet of Things, coupled with consistent spending on R&D and competition among key players. 

The semiconductor sector's growth trajectory will flatten somewhat as demand for consumer electronics saturates. However, many emerging segments will provide semiconductor companies with abundant opportunities, particularly semiconductor use in the automotive sector and AI.

The elevated degree of dependability associated with semiconductors, along with their low price and compactness has radically supported the integration of these devices into numerous applications - optical sensors, autonomous cars, and strength systems. Recently, many businesses, in particular those associated with the production of AI units and independent vehicles, have focused on semiconductor engineering as an idyllic approach to enhance their technological capabilities. 

Those involved in designing semiconductors are frequently tasked with the elaborate task of crafting, testing, authenticating, incorporating, and manufacturing models for their goal audience. The important reason of the semiconductor engineer is to build up a device that can be effortlessly incorporated into the manufacturer’s module in a while in the layout process.

[More to come ...]

Document Actions