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Future Cloud Computing

Belize_394881
(Belize, Central America - Jeff M. Wang)
 
 

 

Cloud Systems and Technologies

 

Cloud computing is the practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server or a personal computer. As cloud computing becomes mainstream, organizations are now moving toward adopting it into the in-house processes. As such, almost all industries are witnessing an increase in the use of cloud-based platforms and services. 

Today cloud computing is a part of everyday life - 96% of businesses use the cloud in one form or another, and this number only looks set to grow. Cloud computing is also sometimes referred to as utility computing, since consumer usage of cloud systems is metered and billed in a manner similar to a commodity like water or electric services. 

There are two key elements at the core of cloud computing technology, which are: SOA (Service Oriented Architecture) and cloud virtualization, which are described in further detail below: 

 

- SOA (Service Oriented Architecture)

SOA Architecture – SOA is built on computer engineering approaches that offer an architectural advancement towards enterprise system. It describes a standard method for requesting services from distributed components and after that the results or outcome is managed. The primary focus of this service oriented approach is on the characteristics of service interface and predictable service behavior. Web Services means a set or combination of industry standards collectively labeled as one. SOA provides a translation and management layer within the cloud architecture that removes the barrier for cloud clients obtaining desired services. Multiple networking and messaging protocols can be written using SOA's client and components and can be used to communicate with each other. 

SOA provides access to reusable Web services over a TCP/IP network, which makes this an important topic to cloud computing going forward. This element of cloud technology allows organizations to access cloud based computing solutions with features that can be modified on demand, as business needs change. Service Oriented Architecture allows independent web services to communicate with each other via the Internet in real time, providing the flexibility that is required to rapidly reconfigure the service delivery for a specific cloud computing offering. SOA places the responsibility and costs of development, deployment and maintenance of web service components on the web services provider, which allows a web services consumer to access various web services without the expense or overhead that is associated with traditional methods of IT services delivery. SOA is a powerful technological component of cloud computing because it facilitates centralized distribution and component reuse, which significantly drives down the cost of software development and delivery.

 

- Cloud Virtualization

Cloud Virtualization is another important aspect of a cloud system that facilitates the efficient delivery of cloud computing services. The implementation of virtual computing resources in the cloud, that mimic the functionality of physical computing resources, serves as a flexible load balancing management tool that allows for the swift adjustment of computing services delivery on demand. Virtualization technology provides organizations with a tool that promotes high levels of availability, scalability and reliability; in terms of the cloud systems or cloud computing technology that an enterprise can access to meet its information technology needs. Virtualization is also a very important component of cloud computing technology for the purposes of disaster recovery and fail-over support. 

Virtualization in Cloud Computing is making a virtual platform of server operating system and storage devices. This will help the user by providing multiple machines at the same time it also allows sharing a single physical instance of resource or an application to multiple users. Cloud Virtualizations also manage the workload by transforming traditional computing and make it more scalable, economical and efficient. Virtualizations in Cloud Computing rapidly integrating the fundamental way of computing. One of the important features of virtualization is that it allows sharing of applications to multiple customers and companies. Cloud Computing can also be known as services and application delivered to help the virtualized environment. This environment can be either public or private. With the help of virtualization, the customer can maximize the resources and reduces the physical system which is in need.

 

Distributed_Cloud_Infrastructure_1219
(An example of a distributed cloud infrastructure. Source: ResearchGate)

- Major Types of Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is the delivery of computing services like servers, storages and more over the Internet. The companies that offer these computing services are called cloud providers. They charge for cloud computing services based on usage.

Cloud computing is usually classified on the basis of location, or on the service that the cloud is offering. Based on a cloud location, we can classify cloud as: Public, Private, Hybrid, and Community Cloud. Based on a service that the cloud is offering, we classify as: IaaS (Infrastructure-as-a-Service), PaaS(Platform-as-a-Service), SaaS(Software-as-a-Service), or, Storage, Database, Information, Process, Application, Integration, Security, Management, Testing-as-a-service.

Although you do not realize you are probably using cloud computing right now, most of us use an online service to send email, edit documents, watch movies, etc. It is likely that cloud computing is making it all possible behind the scenes. 

Check out the Wikipedia: Cloud Computing for more details.  

 

- Deploying Cloud Computing with Edge Computing

Cloud computing is naturally combined with mobile devices to enable the active functionalities. Mobile cloud computing is a combination of mobile computing and cloud computing. Mobile cloud computing is the most influential section of cloud computing and it's expected to expand the mobile ecosystem. Mobile devices evolved from voice calls enabled devices to smart devices which enabled the user to access services at anytime from anywhere. The main aim of mobile cloud computing is to provide rich mobile applications with rich user experience of mobile devices. 

The main benefit of edge computing is the ability to move workloads from devices into the cloud, where resources are less expensive and it is easier to benefit from economies of scale. At the same time, it is possible to optimize latency and reliability and achieve significant savings in network communication resources by locating certain application components at the edge, close to the devices. To efficiently meet application and service needs for low latency, reliability and isolation, edge clouds are typically located at the boundary between access networks or on-premises for local deployments.

 

Cloud Computing in 2020 and Beyond

 

- Edge Computing Moves to Center Stage

Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user. The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet. Large clouds, predominant today, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers. If the connection to the user is relatively close, it may be designated an edge server. 

With the huge interest in digitalization across all industry verticals - 5G is a key technology. Edge computing or Mobile Edge Computing, is a crucial part of the 5G platform and provides a first-mover advantage for communication service providers in grabbing new business opportunities. By 2023, 5G will make up around one-fifth of all mobile data traffic, where 25% of the use-cases will depend on edge computing capabilities.

 

- The Key Trends Shaping the Future of Cloud Computing Solutions 

Cloud computing is quickly becoming the standard way for technology companies to access IT infrastructure, software and hardware resources. The technology enables companies to be able to use applications and other resources managed by third party companies that are stored in high-end server computers and networks. Almost everything in the digital world is connected to the cloud in some way or another - unless it’s specifically kept in local storage for security reasons. 

Take a look at seven key trends that look to shape the future of cloud computing solutions. These could have a profound effect - not only on organizations’ computer systems and websites but also on running their whole operation.

 

  • Increased storage capacity: One of the major aspects of the future of cloud computing is the need for increased storage capacity — and how providers will offer this capacity to businesses and private users. This is due to the fact that many businesses are choosing the cloud as their only IT solution, meaning all of their data is stored on the cloud. 
  • Impact on SEO (search engine optimization): Given the importance of SEO to virtually every business with a website, this trend can only grow in 2020 and beyond. Cloud web hosting offers numerous advantages. One of the most crucial elements of modern SEO is page loading speed. There are many things that webmasters can do to improve loading speed, but ultimately it comes down to your web hosting. Websites need powerful hosting services, and this is something that cloud solutions providers will increasingly need to offer.
  • The Internet of Everything (IoE): Functionally, IoE is the idea that almost all electronic devices and services will have access to the Internet and will use it to learn and improve. Cloud computing will have a major role to play in the development of IoE, as it relies enormously on machine-to-machine communication. IoE devices will inevitably use cloud solutions in order to be able to communicate data and processes.
  • Increased security: Cybersecurity is becoming a crucial part of all forms of Internet use. At this point, there is still some level of confusion over the responsibilities for both the provider of the cloud services and the end-user, as to who deals with security issues. From the provider’s perspective, it will be important to continue to clarify which areas of cybersecurity they are responsible for and which areas must be managed by the user. Indeed, it will be up to providers of solutions to offer the strongest possible cybersecurity measures in order to keep clients as safe as possible. This includes not only preventative measures but also proactive threat detection.
  • The rise of serverless technology: There are many advantages to using cloud technology such as the spinning of extra resources and the flexible pay-for-use consumption model. However, it is still true that provisioning servers is highly time-consuming. Serverless technology looks set to go from a relatively specialist and niche option to something that is mainstream. Naturally, the onus is on serverless providers to ensure they stay relevant, but the adoption of these technologies is undoubtedly accelerating.
  • Microservices: There has been a shift in cloud architecture. While in the past, we have seen closed applications with only human user interfaces, but now we are seeing the growth of more open services. Additionally, this has opened the door for application programming interfaces (APIs) of other software applications to interact with your applications – they can then make use of combined capabilities for whole new solutions. The use of APIs and microservices-based architecture have undoubtedly inspired innovation. And the advantages of using cloud-based APIs have changed how core applications are designed and built in the first place. 
  • Hybrid or multi-cloud strategies: As a growing number of organizations adopting multi-cloud and hybrid strategies, these become increasingly mainstream. By 2021, 98% of companies plan to use multiple hybrid clouds - this shows that if your current strategies utilize a single cloud solution, it may be time to look into alternative options. As services become increasingly specialized, with differing requires to get the most out of specific applications or functions, businesses will require multi-cloud solutions in order to run efficiently and effectively.

 

 

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