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Harvard (Charles River) IMG 7698
(Harvard University - Harvard Taiwan Student Association)

- Overview

telecommunications is the transmission of information over electromagnetic systems, such as radio, optical, or wire. It can also refer to the exchange of information over long distances using electronic means.

Telecommunications is a general term for various technologies used to transmit messages over long and small distances. Public switched telephone systems, mobile phones, satellite communications, computer networks, the Internet, and radio and television broadcasting services all belong to the general term telecommunications. Although most of us tend to associate the term with modern technology, telecommunications have been around in some form since ancient times. 

The discovery of electricity in the nineteenth century led to the invention of the telegraph and later the telephone, making instant communication possible over long distances. Over the past few decades, tremendous advances in communication technology have transformed our leisure activities, the way we work, and the way we perceive the world in which we live. 

Therefore, it is important for us to understand these technologies, how they operate, their impact on society, the economic impact they have, and where they will lead us in the future. 


- The Social Impact of the Internet

One aspect of telecommunications that dominates modern life is the Internet, which together with the World Wide Web has created a global electronic environment (sometimes called the "global village") in which communication between individuals and groups is almost instantaneous. 

People regardless of their geographical location. The Internet has been around in one form or another since the 1960s. The World Wide Web didn't exist until 1989, and it took several years to make an impact on society beyond academia and science. Yet today, an entire generation has never known a world without it. 

The Internet has brought many benefits to the business world and individuals. Perhaps inevitably, it also brings many challenges. In the case of politics, it brings new opportunities for those seeking a voice and new threats for those who seek to silence those voices. 

As such, it can be said to be a democratizing force, albeit one with the potential for abuse. If the content of the Internet could be controlled and directed, it could become an extremely powerful propaganda weapon. So far, this control has been limited to restricting access rather than manipulating content. 

The social impact of the Internet is huge. Positive aspects include the availability and access to online information and services. New modes of electronic communication allow people to stay in touch no matter where they are in the world, and even find long-lost friends and relatives.


- The Dawn of the Internet Age

The internet's official birthday is January 1, 1983, when the Transfer Control Protocol/Internetwork Protocol (TCP/IP) was established. TCP/IP is a new communications protocol that allows computers to communicate with each other over different networks. 

The internet's origins can be traced back to 1969, when the U.S. Department of Defense created ARPANET, an academic research network for the military. On October 29, 1969, computers at Stanford and UCLA connected for the first time, and the first message sent across the network was "Login". 

In 1974, the term "internet" was coined, and in 1983, computer scientists Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn created the rules that built the internet. In 1989, British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee proposed making the internet easier to use. 

In 1991, the World Wide Web was invented, which improved access to the internet. On April 30, 1993, the World Wide Web was released to the public, allowing users to create websites with graphics, audio, and hyperlinks. The general public's access to the internet became available in the early 1990s.


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