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Medical, Biomedical and Biological Sciences

(Northwestern University - ROC (Taiwan) Student Association at Northwestern)

- Overview

Biological science is the study of life and living organisms. It covers a wide range of topics, including: bacteria, human reproduction, ecosystems, animal behavior. 

Biomedical science is the study of medical research and the development of treatments. It combines the fields of biology and medicine to focus on the health of both animals and humans, including: 

  • Biochemical and physiological functions
  • Anatomical and histological structures
  • Epidemiology
  • Pharmacology

Biomedical science is more specific to human disease and pathology. Biology covers all life. 


- Rewriting the Future of Healthcare

Health begins with understanding. In recent decades, science has learned a lot more about the human body. Especially our genes. This offers doctors and patients promising options for treating some of the most debilitating diseases. Scientists are finding answers at the intersection of biology, chemistry, and data science. 

Cell and gene therapies offer hope to millions of people suffering from genetic and certain degenerative diseases. These new treatment options are a paradigm shift. They don't just treat symptoms. They help the body repair itself from within.


- Disciplines of Medical Sciences

Medical sciences cover many disciplines that try to explain how the human body works. Starting with basic biology, it is usually divided into specialized areas such as anatomy, physiology, and pathology, as well as some biochemistry, microbiology, molecular biology, and genetics.

Anatomy is the study of the components of the human body, such as the heart, brain, kidneys or muscles, bones and skin. Physiology is the field of applying the study of anatomy to how parts of the body function normally independently and as components of systems such as the heart and the circulatory system with blood vessels and blood. 

To make people better, it's critical to understand how the body's systems work in health, so you can tell what's wrong when a patient is feeling unwell and be able to track their recovery. It is also important to understand that organ systems are also interconnected and how they work together. 


- Branches of Medical Sciences

Branches of medical sciences refer to the names of the different studies and trainings under the medical sciences. Here is a list of different branches of medical sciences:

  • Aetiology: Studying the causes of disease Cardiology: Dealing with heart disease
  • Chiropody: Treating the Foot and Its Diseases
  • Cytology: dealing with the formation, structure and function of cells
  • Dentistry: The study and treatment of oral diseases, disorders and conditions
  • Dietetics: studying the effects of food on health
  • Embryology: the scientific study of embryos
  • Otolaryngology: Ears, Nose and Throat
  • Epidemiology: the study of infectious diseases and their causes
  • Genetics: The study of genes and heredity
  • Geriatrics: the study, treatment, and care of older adults and their diseases
  • Gerontology: the study of the aging process and the individual
  • Gynecology: research and treatment of the female reproductive system
  • Hematology: the scientific study of blood
  • Immunology: dealing with an organism's response to an antigenic challenge
  • Neurology: the study of the nervous system and the diseases that affect it
  • Obstetrics: dealing with women's care during and after pregnancy
  • Oncology: the research and treatment of cancer
  • Orthopedics: dealing with injuries and diseases of the body's musculoskeletal system
  • Pediatrics: the medical sciences involving children and the treatment of their diseases
  • Pathology: The study and diagnosis of disease
  • Pharmacology: the scientific study of drugs and drugs used to treat disease
  • Radiology: medical treatment of disease using radiation
  • Rheumatology: Diagnosis and Treatment of Rheumatism
  • Urology: Research in diseases of the urinary system
  • Virology: Treatment and research of diseases caused by viruses
  • Ophthalmology: deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye
  • Otolaryngology: Diagnosis and Treatment of Head and Neck Disorders

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[New York City, Manhattan, New York - Civil Engineering Discoveries]

- Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical sciences are a group of sciences that apply some or both of the natural or formal sciences to knowledge, interventions, or techniques in health care or public health. Disciplines such as medical microbiology, clinical virology, clinical epidemiology, genetic epidemiology, and biomedical engineering are all medical sciences. However, pathophysiology can be regarded as basic science when it comes to explaining the physiological mechanisms at work in pathological processes. 

Understanding how living systems work requires integrating chemistry, physical mathematics, and many subdisciplines of biology, including molecular biology, physiology, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Interdisciplinary training provides skills and perspectives critical to the study of biological structures and processes. Gain an in-depth understanding of contemporary fundamental scientific principles underpinning clinical medicine, including bioinformatics and integrative genomics, biological and biomedical sciences, immunology, neuroscience, speech and hearing bioscience and technology, and virology. 


- Biological Sciences

Biological sciences include all branches of the natural sciences, examining all aspects of the processes of life. Biological sciences include the study of all life forms that exist on Earth and their life processes. It involves the study of the structure, function, evolution, development and ecology of microorganisms, plants and animals. In a broad sense, the study of biological sciences is too broad and therefore divided into different branches, leading to specific fields of expertise and their growth. Based on education and interests, biological scientists can have a variety of career specializations, such as zoology, ecology, botany, biochemistry, microbiology, biotechnology, physiology, marine biology, genomics, bioinformatics, etc.

Furthermore, studying biology has never been more exciting and important. From genome mapping to understanding the molecular basis of human disease, to predicting the impact of global climate change on ecosystems, to understanding the fundamental processes that give rise to and sustain life on Earth, biological sciences are at the forefront of finding answers to some of society's questions. The most annoying problem.



[More to come ...]


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