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New Energy and Energy Resources of the Future

DOE_Solar_Energy_1
(Solar Energy, the US Department of Energy)
 
 

New Energy - Fueling the Future

 

 

- Climate and Clean Energy

Over the last several hundred years, the world has witnessed an evolution when it comes to energy production and consumption. Though not all developments have been positive, as energy-related CO2 emissions have risen by 1% per year on average since 2010. This can be linked to the fact that our energy supply is heavily reliant on nonrenewable fossil fuels; coal, oil, and gas energy production is directly linked to an increase in greenhouse gases and, thus, change to the world’s climate. Luckily, the transition to renewables and electrification can not only be a driver for environmentally-friendly energy production and use, but also for broad socioeconomic development. It is estimated that jobs in renewables would reach 42 million globally by 2050.. In line with the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, we believe that affordable and clean energy is a necessity.

The human race, in its never ending struggle to improve its standard of living, has invariably depended on colossal amounts of electric power to fuel our evolution. A present day estimate by National Geographic determined that we use 320 billion kilowatt-hours of energy every day. Today, most of this enormous requirement is addressed by burning fossil fuels. So far, fossil fuels have catered to our energy needs very efficiently, but they are also non-renewable and rapidly depleting. These fuel sources have also contributed greatly to greenhouse gas emissions and pollution. The time has come to find suitable and better replacements for fossil fuels. Scientists are constantly researching newer and greener sources of energy that have limited impact on the environment and reduce their contribution to global warming, which is believed to be caused by the release of carbon dioxide while burning fossil fuels. 

 

- Future of Energy

Energy is the pulse of our day-to-day life and how we create and use it is changing rapidly. What the future will look like is not certain, but what is clear is that we’re well on our way to a new energy future. Imagine the possibilities… A world where energy is sustainable and abundant. 

Energy is a basic human need and makes the world go round. Without energy, everything would come to a standstill. It is indispensable to foster human development and economic growth with a secure, affordable, reliable, clean and sustainable energy supply. Today we are facing huge challenges: global warming, depleting natural resources, population growth, increasing energy demand, rising energy prices and unequal distribution of energy sources. All of these factors contribute to the urgent need to transform the energy sector, which primarily relies on fossil fuels, to one that uses renewable energies and energy efficient technologies. 

Energy use is changing fast. The shift to renewable sources, however, needs to happen faster, not just in power generation but in heating, buildings and transport, to check the rise in global temperatures. Renewables could supply four-fifths of the world’s electricity by 2050, massively cutting carbon emissions and helping to mitigate climate change. 

All this means speeding up innovation in business and technology. Above it all, it means taking action to promote renewable energy today. Atomic energy, solar energy, and energy from wind and bio fuels are just a few of the promising alternatives for a cleaner and greener future. Other relatively new sources of energy such as fuel cells, geothermal energy, and ocean energy are also being explored. 

 

- National Electric Power Infrastructure

National electric power infrastructure, also called “the grid”, has been developing over more than a century and plays an important role in nation’s energy security. Electricity production traditionally relies on a steady fuel supply (primarily fossil fuels), which would keep the power plants operating on the permanent basis. Eventual switching from the traditional fuel-burning plants to cleaner alternatives requires redesigning the grid in such a way that it properly responds to the sharp variations in demand, adequately compensates for the intermittent operation of the renewable energy systems, and can interact with distributed power generation systems.

In the left column of the folder, we will introduce current energy sources and discuss possible future energy sources.

 

- Possible Research Topics

 

 

 

 [More to come ...]

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