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Advanced Software Engineering and Web Technology

HTTP_Basic_Architecture_Mozilla_061920A
(HTTP Basic Architecture - Mozilla)
 
 

 

Advanced Software Engineering: Expanding the Frontiers of Software Technology

 

 

- The Web and The Internet

The Internet is arguably the most important technology revolution in the history of humankind. Some important challenges remain, however, and there’s still work to do to ensure that everyone around the world has fair and equal access to life-changing digital connectivity.

To say our relationship with the web has changed radically over the past 10 years would be a gross understatement. Light beaming through fiber-optic glass, and high-frequency wireless signals beaming to and from our phones, has made possible downloading almost anything anywhere in the developing world, and at practically instantaneous speed. Children are growing up getting to know many of their relatives primarily through glowing slabs.

New trends will always come and go: that’s the nature of the Internet! With a predicted amount of more than 5 billion Internet users by 2020, while social media users have passed the 4.0 billion mark. Nearly 60 percent of the world’s population is already online, and the latest trends suggest that more than half of the world’s total population will use social media by the middle of 2020. It’s becoming more and more important to develop new ways to access information, knowledge, and ideas. 

Keeping a sharp eye on these trends is what allows us to provide our expert services that have been driving real results to some of the biggest brands worldwide. The following trends have already started to emerge and will, undoubtedly, continue to evolve to transform the future of Internet technology.

 

- A Decentralised Web

The decentralized web, also called web 3.0 is a vision of the next generation Internet as a peer to peer network built around blockchain technology, where users own their own data, data is portable, computing and storage resources are provided by end-users within distributed networks, apps run locally on end-user devices and platforms are decentralized and autonomous. Today powerful new technologies are coalescing to take us into a new technological paradigm for the Internet. These include the rapid development of the blockchain – and other decentralized technologies such as IPFS – the rise of advanced analytics coupled with datafication and the Internet of Things.

Today, we’re moving towards the decentralised Web (Web 3.0). This concept exists to take power away from major corporations and give it back to users. We’ve already seen a few steps taken towards giving users power back. Data will easily be shared and revoked between users, being interoperable. 

The primary purpose of the Web 3.0 movement isn’t focused on expanding the functionality of the Internet. Instead, Web 3.0 is focused on restructuring the way in which the Internet is accessed and interacted with. Leveraging the technology that drives the blockchain revolution, Web 3.0 aims to wrestle ownership away from the corporations that rule the internet as it exists today.

 

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(Versailles, France - Alvin Wei-Cheng Wong)

- Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Cybersecurity

Artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, neural networks or whatever other fancy terms industry is coming out with for what is defined as the sophisticated computer technology that is becoming widely utilized to understand and improve business and customer experiences. AI is evolving all by itself. Researchers have created software that borrows concepts from Darwinian evolution, including “survival of the fittest,” to build AI programs that improve generation after generation without human input. 

AI has already been providing businesses with expert solutions. The technology is already being developed for web design and development, with AI algorithms capable of building websites. Machine learning can take it a step further by taking advantage of user analysis to predict user intent and to create a tailored experience. AI offers broad technological capabilities that can be applied to all industries, profoundly transforming the world around us. AI has various applications in today's society. It is becoming essential for today's time because it can solve complex problems with an efficient way in multiple industries, such as Healthcare, entertainment, finance, education, etc. 

As developers learn how to build AI that can help with everything from customer support to predictive trends and image recognition, AI will become the future of cybersecurity as well. In fact, Statista forecasts that businesses around the world will spend almost 2.5 billion dollars between 2016 and 2025 on artificial intelligence that’s meant to prevent cybersecurity threats. MIT already developed an artificial intelligence system to detect 85% of attacks before they even happen. AI will likely make cybersecurity cheaper and more efficient.

 

- Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet of Things (IoT) technology is an umbrella term that refers to connected physical and digital components. IoT components can transmit data without the assistance of human mediators. Each IoT component has a Unique Identifier (UID) that makes it recognizable. There are currently five types of IoT applications: Consumer IoT, Commercial IoT, Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), and Infrastructure IoT. 

Future Internet is expected to be driven by the prevalence of IoT where it is envisioned that anything can be connected. There are expected to be 1.5 billion Internet of Things (IoT) devices in use by 2022, many of which will be used in enterprise or industrial settings. Eventually, these IoT devices help mankind experience the future of technological innovations aimed at simplifying human life in a number of creative ways. And while that creates lots of opportunities for businesses, it also creates some challenges related to connectivity. 

Together, both AI and IoT will allow for service-focused strategies: IoT will provide businesses with expert data for intelligent trade-offs, while AI will make use of intelligence to make the right choices. In the future, the Internet will become a network of devices centred in the automation and enhancement of both processes and infrastructures. IoT will allow for the Internet to become more than a simple network of computers.

 

- Motion User Interface

Motion user interface (Motion UI) was originally developed for mobile apps, however, the amazing customisation skills of this technology is allowing developers to add an extra touch of storytelling to projects. Websites of the future are expected to have things like: Animated or dynamic charts, Modular page scrolling, Background animations in slow motion, Transitions
Series animations, Progress CTA buttons. 

Motion UI helps web developers to create rapid prototypes of animated elements. These can be seamlessly integrated into websites to create transitions, CSS animations, and Sass mixins. Motion UI allows for a design that has: Personality, Animations, Motion modifiers, Responsiveness, Emotion.

Telling stories with animation and motion design can create exceptionally aesthetically-pleasing user experiences. More importantly though, they can create exceptionally functional user experiences. In the early days of web and app design, unique motion elements and interactivity fell into the bells and whistles category. As long as you knew the 90s-beloved <marquee> tag that sent hamsters dancing across your page, you were set. 

But today, motion interactivity plays a critical role in guiding how a user intuitively discovers and engages with brands or products. Eyes follow motion, so strategic implementation gives companies the ability to subtly direct users on a journey through narrative or personalized web and app experiences.

 

- Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR)

Immersive technology (VR and AR) refers to technology that attempts to emulate a physical world through the means of a digital or simulated world, thereby creating a sense of immersion. Virtual Reality (VR) and Augment Reality (AR) applications currently suffer from bottleneck due to low bandwidths (4G LTE). With higher bandwidth (5G and Beyond), VR and AR headsets could be completely wireless.

The future of Immersive Technology (AR and VR) depends on reliable mobile wireless 5G (and beyond) networks. These technologies require a less expensive, wider network with lower latency to continue developing and reaching widespread adoption, as they require massive amounts of data processing.

Virtual reality (VR) has a stunning capability of providing unique user experiences. The technology is making a transition from the gaming industry (with Oculus Rift, for example) to digital marketing. Companies such as Google have started to work on APIs that allow users to be immersed in virtual worlds. With the technology predicted to keep evolving, the future of virtual reality is bright.

 

- Big Data

Big data is being generated by everything around us at all times. Every digital process and social media exchange produces it. Systems, sensors and mobile devices transmit it. Big data can be either structured, semi-structured, or unstructured. IDC estimates that 90 percent of big data is unstructured data. Many of the tools designed to analyze big data can handle unstructured data. The unstructured data usually refers to information that doesn't reside in a traditional row-column database. It is the opposite of structured data - the data stored in fields in a database.

Big data is arriving from multiple sources at an alarming velocity, volume and variety. To extract meaningful value from big data, you need optimal processing power, analytics capabilities and skills. In most business use cases, any single source of data on its own is not useful. Real value often comes from combining these streams of big data sources with each other and analyzing them to generate new insights. The organization that can quickly extract insight from their data AND leverage the data achieves an advantage. 

Analyzing large data sets, so-called big data, will become a key basis of competition, underpinning new waves of productivity growth, innovation, and consumer surplus. Leaders in every sector will have to grapple with the implications of big data, not just a few data-oriented managers. The increasing volume and detail of information captured by enterprises, the rise of multimedia, social media, and the Internet of Things will fuel exponential growth in data for the foreseeable future.

Cybersecurity issues will remain a concern due the high volume of data and connected devices, and businesses need to be prepared to address potential breaks into connected systems. One thing is certain, however: IoT and Big Data will remain closely intertwined and will create new, exciting solutions and opportunities.

 

 

[More to come ...]


 

 

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